The Indian Ocean Dialogue (IOD) is a flagship initiative of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA)
19 Feb, 2024   |   Projects

The Indian Ocean Dialogue (IOD) is a flagship initiative of the Indian Ocean Rim Association (IORA), established by the 13th Council of Ministers’ meeting, held in November 2013 in Perth, Australia.


Through the years, IOD has established itself as a stand-alone Track 1.5 discussion, encouraging for an open and free dialogue by key representatives of IORA Member States such as scholars, experts, analysts, and policy makers from governments, think tanks and civil societies on several crucial strategic issues of the Indian Ocean Region.


Recognizing the importance of the IOD as a vibrant platform to discuss regional issues, the 18th IORA Meeting of the Committee of Senior Officials (CSO), held in Bali, Indonesia on 25-26 October 2016, encouraged the continuity of the forum and requested Member States to formulate new proposals, which could be sustainably actionable and achievable, to carry on the legacy of the previous three IODs.


IOD is guided by a Terms of Reference, endorsed by 23rd CSO meeting held on 15-16 November 2021 in Dhaka, Bangladesh. As from 2021, IOD is scheduled to be held biennially by any Member State.





Host Country

Outcome Document


First IOD


Kerala, India

Kochi Consensus


Second IOD


Perth, Australia

Perth Consensus


Third IOD


Padang, Indonesia

Padang Consensus


Fourth IOD


Abu Dhabi, UAE

Abu Dhabi Consensus

Fifth IOD


Durban, South Africa



Sixth IOD


New Delhi, India

Delhi Consensus

Seventh IOD

2-3 February 2021

Virtual meeting, hosted by the Emirates Center for Strategic Studies and Research (ECSSR) of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) in cooperation with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation of the United Arab Emirates (UAE)


Eighth IOD

15 December 2021

Virtual meeting, hosted by the Indian Council of World Affairs (ICWA) in collaboration with the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA), Government of India


Ninth IOD

May 2023

Zanzibar, Tanzania

Zanzibar Consensus


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